Fostering the ecosystem of mobility innovations in Brazil and developing research on regulations and the impacts of New Mobility services
The most growing urban mobility sector today is the New Mobility: smartphone apps and shared-economy models enable new ways to move around in cities and, most of all the ride-hailing apps have impacts on mobility overall that still need to be better studied.
Given this scenario, WRI Brasil works on two fronts: i) the promotion of the ecosystem of innovations in mobility, through the implementation of Challenges, to support innovative and sustainable solutions; and ii) the development of research, to understand the impacts that these services have on urban mobility and subsidize the elaboration of regulations by the public sector.
Challenges of Mobility Innovations
Aiming to foster the New Mobility ecosystem in Brazil, Toyota Mobility Foundation and WRI Brasil, in partnership with the National Front of Mayors, held in 2018 the InoveMob Challenge. The focus of the Challenge was to select innovative projects to improve urban mobility in areas with an intense flow of people (centers of activities).
About 100 projects were submitted by startups, researchers and other players. After capacity building workshops and a pitch to mayors, five finalists were selected to implement their pilot projects in Brazilian cities for six months. At the end of the year, bynd – Corporate Carpool was announced as the big winner, after achieving positive results with the implementation of the project in the Ministry of Cities and in the Municipality of Juiz de Fora. Bikxi, Carona a Pé, Nina and OnBoard Mobility were the other finalists of the Challenge.
In a scenario of constant change and innovation, it is important to assess the impact of New Mobility services and alternatives.
While they might have negative effects (such as the decay in public transport passengers and in the number of people walking and cycling), it’s also necessary to consider the potential of positive impacts – for instance, through their integration with the traditional modes of transport.
WRI Brasil works in partnership with stakeholders able to drive paradigm shifts in urban transport in Brazil and together with the mobility team across WRI network to assess the impact of New Mobility solutions, evaluate how sustainable they are, and which will be their role in cities. Thus, we aim to promote the development of more assertive regulations integrating innovation into existing urban transport systems.
The growth of New Mobility has led several cities to formulate regulations for these new services, given the impacts they generate on urban mobility.
In partnership with WRI offices in China, India, and Mexico, WRI Brasil mapped all the municipal regulations (considering cities with more than 500,000 inhabitants) in these countries and created a New Sustainable Mobility database. The regulations are classified according to taxation, vehicle requirements, driver requirements, service requirements, and data sharing, among other categories.
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